AskDefine | Define fermentation

Dictionary Definition

fermentation

Noun

1 a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol [syn: zymosis, zymolysis, fermenting, ferment]
2 a state of agitation or turbulent change or development; "the political ferment produced a new leadership"; "social unrest" [syn: agitation, ferment, unrest]
3 a chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances [syn: ferment]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense.
  2. physiology chemistry The transformation of an organic substance into new compounds by the action of a ferment, either formed or unorganized. It differs in kind according to the nature of the ferment which causes it.
  3. A state of agitation or excitement, as of the intellect or the feelings.

Translations

process of effervescent change, as by the action of yeast
  • Slovene: vrenje
transformation of an organic substance into new compounds by the action of a ferment
  • Slovene: vrenje
state of agitation or excitement
  • Slovene: vrenje

Related terms

References

  • 1913}}

French

Pronunciation

Extensive Definition

Fermentation may mean:
  • Fermentation (biochemistry), the process of energy production in a cell under anaerobic conditions (without oxygen)
  • Ethanol fermentation, a form of anaerobic respiration used primarily by yeasts when oxygen is not present in sufficient quantity for normal cellular respiration
  • Industrial fermentation, the breakdown and re-assembly of biochemicals for industry, often in aerobic growth conditions
In food science, fermentation may mean:
  • Fermentation (food), the conversion of carbohydrates into alcohols or acids under anaerobic conditions used for making certain foods
  • Fermentation (wine), the process of fermentation commonly used in winemaking
  • Fermentation (beer), the process of fermentation commonly used in brewing beer.
  • Fermentation (tea), the name used in the tea industry for the aerobic treatment of tea leaves to break down certain unwanted chemicals and modify others to develop the flavour of the tea
Ferment may refer to:
fermentation in German: Zymologie
fermentation in Esperanto: Zimologio
fermentation in French: Zymologie
fermentation in Slovenian: Fermentacija

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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